[Ardour-Dev] a3: Normalise

Sakari Bergen sakari.bergen at tkk.fi
Tue Nov 2 01:21:08 PDT 2010

On 02.11.2010 06:25, Patrick Shirkey wrote:
> On Mon, November 1, 2010 7:59 am, Sakari Bergen wrote:
>> On 01.11.2010 14:43, Patrick Shirkey wrote:
>>> On Fri, October 29, 2010 3:10 pm, Sakari Bergen wrote:
>>>>     Hi,
>>>> The export normalize ony adjusts the overall volume, so that the peak
>>>> value is as high as possible without clipping. Any other effect is
>>>> probably due to psychoacoustic phenomena (e.g. equal-loudness curves),
>>>> or some non-linearities in your playback chain.
>>> I was working with this in mind so I exported a couple of mixes. You can
>>> really hear the difference in these two files.
>>> The first is with the normalise enabled.
>>> http://djcj.org/audio/kotau/abundance/Abundance-Ambient-Psy-Trance-DJ_Kotau_Session_2010-10-31.flac
>>> http://djcj.org/audio/kotau/abundance/Abundance-Ambient-Psy-Trance-DJ_Kotau_Session_2010-11-01.flac
>>> I will stop using that feature for now as it is affecting the levels too
>>> much for my liking.
>> I challenge you to import these two files into Ardour (onto two tracks)
>> and invert the phase of the other track to hear the difference between
>> the files. By adjusting the level of one track about 1.5 dB, the tracks
>> should cancel each other out. It will be hard to hit the exact right
>> level for total cancellation, but you should notice, that nothing stands
>> out from the difference signal.
> I am happy to run this test.
> Apart from confirming what you have written above what would be the real
> world application of such data?
> For example if I export the track and then normalise it against say 10
> other tracks will that change the bass/high levels as significantly?
> Otherwise I think it is a useful feature but just not working out for me
> with this mix.
> Cheers.

All I'm saying is that the qualitative effect of normalizing is the same 
as turning the volume dial in your playback system. Please see 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal-loudness_contours for why you 
perceive a difference in bass/high levels.

The only time this is not the case is when the mix clips before 
normalizing, in which case the clipping will be removed in the process, 
by lowering the gain...

>> Br, Sakari
>>>> -Sakari-
>>>> On 28.10.2010 04:32, Patrick Shirkey wrote:
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>> How does the normalise function work in ardour3 exporter?
>>>>> I have noticed it made some decisions on the levels of some of my
>>>>> tracks
>>>>> that affected the overall mixdown. Particularly the vocal tracks seem
>>>>> to
>>>>> have been affected by lowering the volume or maybe the other tracks
>>>>> have
>>>>> been boosted?
>>>>> Cheers.

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